"I used to cry every day. My husband and I felt lost. We sold everything we owned in Argentina to come to America. We had to start everything again. We used to work for 18 hours [a day,] seven days a week."
In the 2011 article titled "I Used to Cry Everyday: A Model of the Family Process of Managing Displacement" by Danielle Greene, Parisa Tehranifar, Lourdes J. Hernandez-Cordero, and Mindy Thompson Fullilove, the authors interviewed 20 families who have experienced displacement for a multiplicity of reasons, many relocating to the United States from overseas, and many having to relocate within the United States itself.
In the introduction to the paper, published by the Journal of Urban Health, the authors write of the consequences of displacement:
"Individuals who are forced out of their community are psychologically injured and experience various kinds of personal and collective losses. These massive intra- and interpersonal losses set off complex processes that may not only give rise to new diseases, but also affect how old and new diseases are propagated. An ecological study by Wallace provides an illustrative example. In the 1970s, the destruction of low-income housing in poverty-stricken areas of the South Bronx in New York City led to a massive movement of residents into adjacent neighborhoods, which was followed by a sudden increase in the number and type of diseases in those areas. Major public health problems included crack addiction, crime, HIV infection, and tuberculosis, which spread rapidly throughout the overcrowded receiving communities (i.e., the communities in which the displaced families settled), the larger city, and the region."
For the full text of the paper, please click here.